Tuesday, May 20, 2008

CAAP Draft CAR's Summary of Parts 1, 2 8, 11

I have spent the last few hours going through the Draft CARS Parts 1, 2, 8 and 11 and have listed below items that I feel are relevant to the General Aviation Community. Please feel free to comment on your own interpretations or email me and I will add your comments to this discussion.

As I see it, the single biggest benefit so far is the removal of the old aircraft type rating on each aircraft type. I can see lots of issues on how it works in practice, but likely, the proficiency check would take place on the highest horse power as it does now. Open to comments!!!! I cannot see where this is specifically stated.


Part 1 - General Policies, Procedures and Definitions

Generally Quite straight forward 
Pilots must possess License and medical when in command of an aircraft.
CAAP and Police hae the right to demand the license be produced
Civel and Criminal penalalties can apply as prescribed by the Civel Aviation Act
There is a copmplete list of sanctions/penalties listed for offenses (Some still not 


Part 2 - Personnel Licensing

Licenses issued will be: PPL, CPL, MPL, ATPL, Glider, Balloon
Category Ratings on a License may be: Airplane, Helicopter, Glider, Balloon
Class Rating on a Airplane License will be: Single Engine Land, Single Engine Sea, Multi 
Engine Land, Multi Engine Sea, High Performance Airplane
Type Rating Issued for: Each type of aircrfat certified for min two crew operation, each 
type of helicopter, any aircraft considered necessary by the authority
Instrument Ratings: Airplane, Helicopter

Instructor Ratings: Flight, specialist Class/Type/Instrument ratings
Authorizations: Studen Pilot, Examiner, Cat II Pilot, Cat III Pilot, Inspection


Log Book is primary source for csatisfying competency requirements
Validity of Licenses is two years

Validation of Foreign Licenses
Based upon validity of foreign license
Must complete a Skills Test for each rating requested
Must have a current medical
Must demonstrate knowledge of Air Law, Human Performance Weather COdes, Flight performance 

and Planning
Speak English
Several Options available - Conversion based on Foreign License, Recipricla Grreement 
between two states, and some more complicate ones
Foreign Medicals ccan be validated
Experience requirements may be reduced if Training is conducted by an approved training 

If you are 60 and operating commercial air transportation, then no more license. However, if 
in a multi-crew envirinment, then you can operate until 65
Private Operation age limitations are not specified


3 take offs and landings in last 90 days
At Night, if no instrument rating, 3 takes offs and landings in last 90 days (Does this mean 
Night VFR is OK???)


Class Rating validity is 1 year for Multi Engine and 2 years for single engine
Single Engine Class Rating Renewal - 12 hours in last 12 months. Complete a Profeciency 
Check in last 24 months
Multi Engine Class Rating Renewal - 10 route sectors withinlast 3 months, profeciency check 
within last 12 months

Type Ratings - 100 hours PIC in aircrfat Category, Instrument Rating if necessary, CRM 
Course, ATPL Knowledge
Single and Multis require Flight Instruction, Instrument Procedures if applicable
All ratings require a Skills Test
Type Ratings are valid for one year
Renewal as per Class Rating, Multi Engine
(This all applies applies to multi engine only as per Ratings section above me thinks)
cat II and III - apply to airlin operation.


Student Pilots
PPL - requires instructor to endorse that student is ready for Knowledge Tests (Looks like 
no more school !!!) 40 hours flight time, 5 of which may be in a Simulator. Valid for two 
CPL - Received and Logged Ground Training from an Authorized Instructer, pass the knowledge 
test, 200 hours or 150 hours if approved training organization, if use dat night, 5 hours 
night, 25 hours dual instruction s opart of 200 hours, can include 5 hours in sim), Class 1 

Medical, Valid for One Year
ATPL - Lots of stuff in here
MPL - Lots of stuff in here

Instrument Rating - Ground Training from an Authorized Instructor, 40 hours total, 10 hours 
in the air, 30 hours sim, Pass a Skills Test, Special Medical Reuirement to pass a hearing 
Test for PPL Medical Holders, pass a knowledge test. (There is a comment about 20 hours 
Ground Time instaed of teh 30 hours sim time, not sure what it means). Valid for one year. 
renewal requires profeciency check.

PPL Helicopter - General teh same as PPl with a few Heklicopter provisions
CPL Helicopter - generally same as CPl with some specific Helicopter provisions
ATPL Helicopter - generally the same as ATPL with some specific helicopter provisions
IR helicopter - generally the same as Ir except for some specific helicopter provisions

Knowledge to CPL Standard, Ground Training from an Authorized Instructor, Pass KNowledge 
Test, min 200 hours single pilot experience, in flight instruction by an acceptable 
instructor, pass skills test
Instructor can issue Train for PPL initially, require 500 hours, plus 200 hours 
instructional time for CPL training
Single Engine CLass Rating Training requires 15 hours in same Class and applicable type in 
last 12 months
Multi Engine Class Rating Training requires 500 hours total flight tiome. 15 hours on same 

type in last 12 months
Flight Instructor Training requires 500 hours of instruction in same Category
Instrument Rating Instruction requires 200 hours actual IFR and passed knowledge test
Synthetic Flight Trainer Instruction requires min 2 yearsexperience in Synthetic Flight 

Trainers. Authorization is validd for two years
Flight Instructor Rating renewals require min of 30 hours logged instructional flight time  
in last two years in last 12 months plus profeciency check


Must hold licenses and ratings for which they are  examining
A minimum of 1000 flight time plus a minimum 200 hours of flight instructional time
Pass a Skills Test by an inspector of the Authority


Requires Ground Training on Knowledge and pass the knowledge test
6 hours of flight time, including 20 launches (and hopefully landings) and including 2 hours 
of solo time
(I think it requires a skills test but it is not specifically stated)
If you have a PPL, 3 hours can be credited
Class 2 Medical Required
Valid for 2 years


Requires Ground Training on Knowledge and pass the knowledge test
16 hours flight time, including 8 launches and ascents of which one must be solo
Pass a Skills test
Class 2 Medical Required
Valid for 2 years

PART 8 - Operations

(I have only noted points that MAY be different from the existing regs or of specific 

LSA (Light SPort Aircraft) is included in the definitions section
Progressive Maintenenance Inspections are allowed for aircraft less than 5700Kg MTOW
Authorization in lieu of Type Rating for 60 days for ferry flights, test flights, training 
to get a type rating, skill test to get a type rating. Can be extended for additional 60 
Foreign Registered aircrfat must be operated on license belonging to foreign register (Not 
new, but clearly stated now)
3 take offs and landings in last 90 days, including night. If tail wheel, must be full 
stops, not touch and goes.
If not current, a recurrency training is required. (Make sure you fly every 90 days)
IFR Currency - 6 hours in last 6 months, 3 on type of aircraft or profeciency check doen 
recently. 6 Instrument Approaches. Profeciency Check is good for 6 months currency.

Flight Plans - It appears that Flight Plans are only required for flights in COntrolled 
airspace or if it requires ATS during any part of the flight. Authority can nominate routes 
where flight plans are required irregardless.

Night VFR - states minimas for Night VFR (Hooray) (However, have ssen no rating for 
it anywhere yet)

Formation FLights are allowed if all PIC's are involved. In controlled airspace, it is 
allowed subject to some sensible requirements in terms of aircraft maximum seperation and 
Flight Leader Responsibilities. No Passengers allowed ot be carried for Hire.

Specifies right of Way Rules for Water Operations

Simulated Instrument Flight is allowed ina Dual COntrol aircraft with a Safety Pilot, who 
can hold a PPL, rated in same aircraft and current

Aerobatic Flight is allowed except fo rteh following conditions: Below an Altitude of 1500 
feet, Visibility less than 3 miles, Not in Class B, C, D, E Airspace, over a town, over a 
group of people. Waivers may be applied for. Parachutes must be worn if bank Angles exceed 
60 degrees

VFR Crusiing Altitudes apply above 3000 feet

Special VFR is allowed, pilot must be instrument rated as must the aircraft.

Night VFR; Ok here it is: No Person may operate a VFR FLight between sunset and sunrise 
unless authorized by teh appropriate ATC Authority and operating in accordance with any 
conditions prescribed by the authority (Oh well, we did have hope for a while ... )

Single Pilot Ifr Day or night is allowed if 9 pax seats or less, flight manual allows single 
pilot ifr, must be propellor driven, MTOW less than 5700Kg, equipeed appropriately, pic is 
current ifr. Turbines are alowed if a trend Momnitoring system is in place.

Single Pilot IFR Day or Night require minimum of 50 hours on aircraft type. min of 10 pic.25 
hours of which must be ifr as well. In last 90 days, 5 Ifr flights, including 3 instrument 
approaches. AIrcraft must have undergone an Instrument Approach check in last 90 days


Of specific interest is teh permitting of Glider Towing and teh recognition of Sport Aircraft Category. 
As I can see it, th Sport Aircraft Category is pretty much as it stands now. It is in a section called Non-Type 
Certificated Aircraft; Operating Limitations
There appears to be no mention of exoperimental, however the term Home Built is used.

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